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You are here: Home / Conferences / Antwerp 2018 / Programme

A history of Hangul typefaces in the 20th century

When Thu 13 Sep 1120
Where Arenberg Theater
Who Eunyou Noh
Hangul is the native script from Korea, created by King Sejong in 1443. He designed Hangul as a sans serif to establish the basic structure of the script. In the following centuries, Hangul designs varied widely with the work of many brush calligraphers. However, today’s digital typefaces are different from these historical origins. What is modern Hangul script, and who created it? This presentation introduces Choi Jung-ho (1916–1988), who was in the first generation of Hangul type designers, and whose typefaces are some of the most significant Hangul designs of the 20th century. He drew around 40 original typefaces for metal type and phototypesetting. His first work was drawing Hangul characters for novels and dictionaries in the 1950s, using the Benton pantograph to produce matrices. He also drew Hangul for phototypesetting machines from Shaken and Morisawa in the 1970s. His designs became a foundation of the most popular text typefaces in Korea, Myung-jo and Gothic. This information is based in research from my Ph.D. dissertation at Hongik University (2011). The presentation will show the connections between the work of Choi and the first Hangul digital typefaces, along with a type classification of Hangul typefaces.

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