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You are here: Home / Conferences / Montréal 2017 / Programme

An atypical history of type in Romania 1508–1989

When Sat 16 Sep 1150
Where UQAM, Cœur des sciences
Who Arina Stoenescu

The key to the development of typography in Romania has always been in the hands of political power, the most recent being held by the Communist regime (1948–1989). Typographic evolution has been discontinuous, and modern Romanian typography still struggles with the legacy of the Communist era and its state-imposed standardizations in the field. How did an authoritarian power structure, manifested through the church, local rulers, the monarchy, and several political parties, shape the evolution of type in Romania?

Three main regions form the territory of Romania: Transylvania in the north, Wallachia in the south, and Moldavia in the east. This territory has belonged to and been influenced through the centuries by three different empires: the Austro-Hungarian Empire (1867–1918), the Ottoman Empire (c. 1299–1922), and the Russian Empire (1721–1917). How did these political and cultural powers influence the development of typography in Romania and impact on typography and the materiality of text? This presentation describes findings from a study of the history of type in Romania and the impact of political, cultural, and technological developments on type design in the region.

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